The 2005 Silver Dollar issued by the Sovereign Nation of Poarch Creek Indians features Chief Menawa. Maximum authorized mintage is 20,000 Brilliant Uncirculated coins. It contains 1 oz. of pure silver, and comes in a presentation box embossed with the logo of the Sovereign Nation of Poarch Creek Indians, accompanied by a certificate of authenticity.
Chief Menawa was born about 1765 at the village of Oakfuskee (Alabama) on the Tallapoosa River. He was of Scotch and Indian parents and was reared with pride in his Indian heritage. His birth name was Hothlepoya, meaning "Crazy Trouble Hunter," but the name Menawa was given to him when he became second chief of Oakfuskee. He was a man of wealth and intelligence who was greatly disturbed when he saw white settlers begin to take Indian land and demand the removal of the native inhabitants. Menawa was a chief of the upper Creeks in the Creek War of 1813-14. Before the American Revolution, the Creeks were untroubled by whites in their huge inland confederation. After the war, southerners began moving into their land and the Creeks split into pro and anti American groups. The anti-American group was called the Red Sticks because they carried red painted sticks into battle a custom left by Tecumseh's followers to help in battle. The Red Sticks joined the British in the Revolutionary war.
Menawa was shot seven times in the Battle at Horsehoe Bend and lived to crawl away from the battlefield. After recovering, he was forced to surrender and was sent along with his tribe to Oklahoma in 1836. Before leaving, Menawa reportedly stayed up all the night watching sunset and sunrise over Oakfuskee. As he joined his people traveling to an unknown place he said, "last evening I saw the sun set for the last time and it's light shine on the treetops and the land and the water, that I am never to look upon again." Menawa, heartbroken, died on his way to the new Creek territory in the west. His burial place is now unknown.